Subject and Keywords:
Increasing demand for transport of goods exerts negative influence on the environment. Therefore most European countries divide realization of transportation of commodities between various transport branches by using so-called intermodal transport. Therefore it seems reasonable to carry out an analysis with the predominant objective to try and present in realistic way the factors influencing the choice between a service realized only with the use of a road transport and intermodal transport. The author of the analysis put particular stress on the costs of the carriage service, time of its realization and CO2emission. The analysis also aimed at showing which of the presented technologies of service providing is more friendly to natural environment. The results obtained from the comparison of intermodal and road transport for a given distance enable stating that effectiveness of railway-road transport is influenced by 22% lower internal costs than the ones of road transport and by lower emission of carbon dioxide.